Scuba diving is actually an art of diving underwater. Divers are able to breathe underwater because they are using various breathing apparatus for underwater. This is completely different from other kinds of diving such as breathing supplied from surface or breathe hold. Scuba divers are carrying their source of breathing gas that gives them freedom of movement while underwater.
Following is a quick list of scuba diving equipment essential for this activity.
Number 1. Breathing gear – this particular equipment is being used by divers so they can breathe underwater. It’s carried by the diver themselves and these come in 2 kinds of masks which is the full face mask and the half mask. Recreational divers are only using half masks which are covering the nose and eyes of the diver and a mouthpiece to be able to supply oxygen. Professional scuba divers make use of full face mask which protects the airway of the diver.
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Number 2. Open circuit scuba – as a matter of fact, there’s no provision for using oxygen more than once. The gas that is inhaled is exhaled to another equipment to improve buoyancy or if not, to the environment. The breathing gas is provided from diving cylinder that is passing through scuba regulator.
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Number 3. Re-breather – by getting rid of carbon dioxide, this is able to vent off all the exhaled gases. What this does is releases no gas bubbles in water and it is more costly and complicated to use at the same time than open circuit scuba.
Number 4. Propulsion vehicle – making use of fins can improve your personal mobility even further. Fins have got big blade area which is providing more effectiveness for maneuvering thrust and propulsion than hand and arm movement.
Number 5. Buoyancy control device – when using this particular device, it gives the chance to have total control of your movement while underwater. With the use of such, it allows you to perform any position comfortably underwater.
Number 6. Diving lights and diving mask – the diving life is specifically designed to provide lighting as you dive deeper in the ocean or sea while the diving mask provides airspace in front of the eyes of the diver.
Number 7. Wet and dry suits – in an effort to avoid heat loss in cold water, what’s used here is dry suits and wetsuits. These suits are specialized in order to make sure that the diver is protected from abrasions, stings of marine organisms and sunburns.
Number 8. Personal tools and extra accessories – simply put, this is anything that you might possibly need in your dive such as flash, camera, video lights for underwater videography and photography etc.